The term “Seascape” is used as a concept for managing marine resources at a large scale, i.e. large-scale collaborative management rather than isolated regulatory systems. Seascapes are not strictly bio-geographically defined like the large marine eco-regions. Boundaries of seascapes are drawn to facilitate large scale management units which may or may not correspond to existing ecoregions. There are nine essential elements in a Seascape including (1) enabling legal framework; (2) ecosystem based management including MPA and Locally Managed Marine Areas (LMMA); (3) adequate institutions and capacity; (4) private sector involvement; (5) social and political support; (6) maintenance and restoration of critical habitats and ecosystems; (7) threatened species recovery; (8) human wellbeing and (9) sustainable financing and market mechanisms. These elements guide the Seascape development strategy and dictate the monitoring framework to ensure effective implementation.
In Fiji, we propose the Lau Group of islands as a consolidated management system under the Seascape planning and management. Community consultation have resulted in unanimous support from community leader to support the development of the Lau Seascape.